1.In my opinion,this is a(n)______different matter.
2.If you’re looking for a fully-furnished room to rent, I think there’s a(n)______apartment in my building.
3.Many careers require a college degree; some jobs, ______, only require previous experience.
4.In our view,the root______of the crime problem is poverty and unemployment.
5.Shelly had prepared carefully for her biology examination so that she could be sure of passing it on her first______.
6.The chairman thought______necessary to invite Professor Smith to speak at the meeting.
7.They took______measures to prevent poisonous gases from escaping.
8.The plan had been______, which made him very angry.
【解析】考查词组词义辨析。句意：那项计划已经被取消，这使他很生气。call off取消，放弃；call up使人想起，打电话；call in召集，请……来；call on拜访，请求。
9.Go and get your coat. It’s______you left it.
10.Would you please let me finish my words?Don’t______in the middle of a sentence.
A.put me off
B.cut me off
C.keep me off
D.get me off
11.She looked at me______I were a stranger.
12.Don’t ask him how old he is—he’s really______about it.
13.There are______fewer custom tailors and dressmakers in the U.S.than in European countries.
14.The book is worth______.
15.We wouldn’t lose heart even if we______again.
1. I once went to a town in the north of England on business.
It was about 7:30 in the evening when I reached the hotel. The manageress, a strict old lady of about 60, showed me to my room. When I asked her what time dinner was, she said there was only one sitting at 6:30, and I had __21__ it.
“Never mind,” I said. “I’m not very hungry. I’ll just have a drink in the bar（酒吧）and a sandwich.”
“Bar!” she __22__ her voice. “This is a respectable hotel, young man. If you want beer, you must go somewhere else.” She spoke __23__ a glass of beer was a dangerous drug.
I went to a bar and had some beer and sandwiches and then went to the cinema. At about 11:30 I__24__. Everything was in darkness. I knocked at the door, but nothing happened. The __25__ sound was the church clock opposite, which suddenly struck the half-hour with such force that it made me jump. __26__ a window opened upstairs. The old lady __27__ and asked me what was going on. I explained who I was and she let me __28__ after ten minutes’ wait. She was in her nightdress. She told me seriously that guests were __29__ to be back in the hotel by 11 o’clock.
I went to bed but could not sleep. Every quarter of an hour the church clock struck and at midnight the whole hotel shook with the noise. Just before dawn, I finally __30__.
When I arrived at breakfast, everyone else had nearly __31__ and there was not enough coffee to go round.
“Did you __32__ well, young man?” the old lady asked.
“ __33__, I don’t think I could go through another night in that room,” I replied. “I hardly slept at all.”
“That’s because you were __34__ all night drinking!” she said angrily, putting __35__ to the conversation.
A.went to bed
B.walked to a club
C.returned to the hotel
D.drove to a restaurant
B.went to bed
A.First of all
C.To tell you the truth
D.As a result
1. Harry Potter fans will instantly recognize the snowy owl as Harry’s famous companion，Hedwig，but these beautiful and powerful owls are easily recognizable not for their magical associations,but for their large size and striking white feathers．Snowy owls are，in fact，the only white owl，and they are a highly sought after species for many birdwatchers to add to their life lists．
Habitat and Migration：Snowy owls are found in far northern latitudes including tundra,a vast treeless frozen region in the Arctic．Their breeding grounds(繁殖地)are in the Arctic tundra,and they migrate south throughout Canada during the winter．In exceptionally severe winters or when food supplies are scarce，these owls can appear much further south than their normal range．While principally a North American bird，they can also migrate to the northern areas of Europe and Asia．
Behaviour：Snowy owls，like all owls,are powerful animal hunters that are active mostly at night but can hunt and feed during the day，especially when food supplies are low．These owls will rest on the ground or on rocks，stumps and other low favourable points．Males can be fierce when defending the nest,and both genders will also perform an “injured bird” act to tempt animal invaders to go away from the nest．
Reproduction：Snowy owls may incubate(孵卵)3-10 eggs for 30-34 days，or the incubation may be done primarily by the female．The baby owls remain in the nest for 14-21 days and will attempt their first flight when they are 42-58 days old．Mated pairs will raise one group of young birds per year unless food supplies are inadequate and then no eggs may be produced．
1-1.What have you learned from Paragraph 1?
A.Harry Potter fans like snowy owls.
B.Hedwig is one of the snowy owl watchers.
C.The snowy owl is a large bird with white feathers.
D.It is easy to find snowy owls in snow covered areas.
1-2.What does Paragraph 3 tell about snowy owls?
A.They can be found in Asia and Europe.
B.They live in groups in hard winter days.
C.Their breeding grounds are in areas south to Canada.
D.They appear in the Artic when food supplies are scarce.
1-3.For snowy owls，one way to defend their nest is______.
A.to stand on a rock nearby
B.to pretend to have been injured
C.to spread their wings
D.to give a warning
1-4.What will snowy owls probably do when food is insufficient?
A.They may stop producing eggs.
B.They will reduce their flights.
C.They will be less active at night.
D.They will only hunt during the day.
2. The Saturday Evening Post “became symbolic of the reading fare of middle-class America”.In 1897 Curtis began to revive(重振)the Post on the proposition that a man’s chief interest in life is the fight for livelihood—business.Fiction and articles about romantic business and successful businessmen filled its pages，and products backed by its advertisements directed at the needs and desires of the business world.The general interest weekly reached new audiences.Its conservative viewpoint and strong admiration for material success appealed to the tastes of the millions who settled in an easy chair with it each Thursday evening.As a more commercial，mass-circulation magazine than The New Yorker，the widely readable Post set out to interpret America to itself.
As a national and international institution，The Saturday Evening Post made its mark in the lives of massive numbers of men and women，and served society as a stabilizing influence.Its editorial matter addressed the problems and interests of the readers as never before.Neither highbrow nor lowbrow，the Post set out to interpret average middle-class America,for that was its audience.However，this magazine lost touch with the mood of the American people in the 1930s.The Post’s editor Lorimer，opposed Roosevelt and the New Deal and changed his magazine from an organ of entertainment and enlightenment into a weapon of political warfare.He believed that in opposing the New Deal he had spoken for the majority of voters,but the 1936 election proved him wrong.His conservatism extended beyond politics，it dominated the magazine’s content and style causing a decline in reputation and authority.The Post met its greatest success when it went beyond the tastes of the masses，challenging its readers to acknowledge the genius of contributors such as F.Scott Fitzgerald and William Faulkner.It was later reformed in an effort to fulfill its responsibility to awaken lethargic(昏昏欲睡的)America,however,The Saturday Evening Post seemed to play to conventions while The New Yorker took off to redefine the character of American Humor.
2-1.According to Paragraph 1, who are primarily the readers of the Post?
2-2.What is the earliest time that readers can read the Post every week?
2-3.Why did the Post lose much of its audience in the 1930’s?
A.It changed its original style and was heavily involved in politics.
B.Readers couldn’t afford a newspaper because of the Depression.
C.The new editor was not interested in Roosevelt’s politics.
D.It failed to absorb sufficient advertisements.
2-4.What makes the Post so commercially successful?
A.Presenting American style humor.
B.Sticking to the tastes of the middle class.
C.Carrying articles and novels by local writers.
D.Staying in close contact with the business world.
3. The environment affects the way people interact.To examine this conclusion，two researchers “decorated” three rooms.One room was refurnished to look ugly.The second room was intended to look average.The third room was designed to be beautiful.Individuals were then asked to sit in one of the three rooms and rate several pictures of people’s faces.The results indicated that the environment has a significant effect on the way people rated the faces.Subjects in the beautiful room gave the pictures higher rates than did subjects in the ugly room.In addition，subjects in the ugly room found the task more unpleasant and boring than did subjects in the beautiful room.Subjects assigned to the ugly room attempted to leave sooner than did subjects assigned to the beautiful room.
Color is one environmental factor that can affect your mood and even your ability to concentrate.One researcher concluded that the most pleasant colors，listed in order of preference，were blue，green，purple，red and yellow.The colors listed from most to least arousing were red，orange，yellow,violet，blue，and green.
Lighting also affects behavior.Elegant restaurants with dim lighting create a mood of intimacy(亲密)that encourages conversation.The bright lights of an office or classroom，on the other hand，arouse and stimulate thinking.
Room decoration，color,lighting，and even music and temperature all influence communication with others；but there is no all-purpose environment.The ideal environment depends on the task that will be performed as well as on the needs and expectations of those present.The same environmental factors that encourage lively conversation and dancing at a New Year’s Eve party cannot be expected to create a serene climate in which to study for final exams.
3-1.Paragraph 1 shows that subjects in the ugly room tend to be______.
3-2.Which color is the most helpful for keeping a good mood?
3-3.What effect can dim lights of an eating environment bring about?
A.Arousing active thinking.
B.Improving work efficiency.
C.Creating a tense atmosphere.
D.Stimulating talks among people.
3-4.The underlined word “serene” in the last sentence is closest in meaning to______.
A.serious and grave
B.calm and peaceful
C.pleasant and friendly
D.cold and indifferent
4. We lost two superstars in 1977．Neither man’s admirers have been able to understand the success of the other one．And this tells us something of the difference between the generations that the two singers represent．
There were similarities between Bing Crosby and Elvis Presley．Both reached fame while young and became very rich．Although neither one had any musical education，both developed their own musical styles，which were at first criticized by the critics and later studied as new forms in the art of popular song．Both men had successful movie careers despite a total lack of acting ability．
Both were creations of the microphone，which made it possible for singers with weak voices to be heard beyond the third row．With Bing the microphone was usually hidden；but Elvis brought it to the stage．
The difference between the two men reflects the changing values in American life．Crosby’s music was soothing(令人舒畅的)；Presley’s was disturbing．Crosby was singing to wartime America．His audiences had all the disturbances they could handle in their private lives；they did not want to buy more at the record shop and the movie theater．
Crosby’s admirers always said how “relaxed” and “natural” he was．When Presley began his career,the whole country had become relaxed and easygoing．Its young people，who had no memory of troubled times，found it boring．They were hungry for excitement．They welcomed Elvis，who was certainly not the kind of young man their parents would admire．Presley was loud and vulgar(粗俗的)—and he was bringing something new and exciting．
It is probably too simple to explain each man in terms of changes in the economic and political situation．Something in the culture was also changing．
4-1.Which of the following could be inferred about Crosby and Presley?
A.They died in the same year.
B.They became popular in 1977.
C.They influenced each other in music.
D.They represented the postwar generation.
4-2.In which aspect the singers are similar to each other?
A.Their songs were widely used in movies.
B.They became famous in late years of their lives.
C.Their musical styles are not recognized by the critics.
D.Neither of them received any formal musical education.
4-3.What did Crosby’s audiences get from his music?
C.Ease and comfort.
D.Passion and thrill.
4-4.What is most likely to be discussed if the passage continues?
A.The political situation that the two singers faced.
B.The cultural changes that the two singers experienced.
C.The economic influence on the music of the two singers.
D.The messages that the two singers expressed in their music.
5. There are millions of left-handed people in the world．A number of them got together in 1975 to form an association called Lefthanders International．The purpose of the organization is to fight discrimination(particularly in jobs)and to inform the public．They want everybody to understand the left-handers are neither “strange” nor sick nor dangerous．
Many studies have been made recently about hand preference in humans．They have brought interesting results．It has been found，for instance，that many more men than women are left-handed；that all children use both hands about equally until they are three years old；and that hand preference is not clearly marked until age six．Above that age，most people not only favour one particular hand but also have a favourite eye，a favourite ear and foot．
We know that the left side of the body is controlled by the right side of the brain，which seems that this particular half is the seat of emotions，imagination，and of the sense of space．And，indeed，lefties seem to be more creative than the right-handers；they also seem to be more athletic and to do better in some professions which—like sports—require a good sense of space．In a large school of architecture，it was found in 1977 that 29％of the professors and 23％of the graduating students were left-handed—while lefties represent less than 10％of the general population．
Finally, left-handers may be more stubborn and more impulsive(冲动的)than right-handers．And they are more likely to suffer from problems such as stuttering(口吃)and a difficulty in reading called dyslexia．The problems are more serious in left-handed persons who have been forced to favour their right hand．Doctors insist that one should never try to change a child’s hand preference．
5-1.What does Lefthanders International aim to do for left-handers?
A.To create new jobs.
B.To promote equality.
C.To show discrimination.
D.To study hand preference.
5-2.According to recent studies, when is hand preference formed?
C.At age three.
D.At age six.
5-3.Compared with right-handers, left-handers______.
A.are less creative
B.are more easygoing
C.have a better sense of space
D.do better in most professions
5-4.Left-handers are advised to stick to their hand preference because______.
A.it is fun and comfortable to be left-handers
B.the left hand is just as good as the right hand
C.it is difficult for them to switch to the right hand
D.changing hand preference may cause serious problems
1.A.It doesn’t matter
D.I’m so sorry to hear that
E.What shall I do
F.What is it
Linda：Hey,what’s wrong，dear?You don’t look quite yourself today.
Silvia：__56__.I am just tired.
Linda：__57__!Tell me.Maybe I can help.
Silvia：Well，I just couldn’t fall asleep these days.
Linda：__58__?I don’t remember you have sleeping problems.What’s bothering you?
Silvia：I can’t find a job.I failed in a number of job interviews.
Linda：__59__.Take it easy,babe.Everything will be fine.
Silvia：__60__?You know,I really need a job to make life going.
Linda：Don’t worry.Keep on trying and I will keep an eye on the job ads for you，too.
【答案】Civil Engineering Department Dongfang University Beijing, China October 26，2012The Admissions Office
The Columbia Language Center
I am female，twenty-four years old, single, and graduate of the Civil Engineering Department of Dongfang University. I studied English as a basic subject for three years as a high school student and for three years as an undergraduate. I can do some readings and translations in English, but my spoken English is very poor.
Therefore, I am going to take a six-month course beginning in August to improve my spoken English. Perhaps you would send me a copy of your service book, an application form, and full details of fees and accommodation.